We all experience the world through our senses, such as light, sound, taste, touch etc. Some children experience difficulties in receiving, processing and organising sensory input received from their senses at any given moment.
Children who experience sensory processing difficulties may either be easily stimulated (hypersensitive) or experience lack of sensory stimulation (hypo-sensitive), compared to their normal peers.
Hypersensitivity to different sensory stimuli may lead to different behaviours, such as:
Finding everything too loud or too bright
Presented as “picky” eaters
Presented as “clumsy”
Low pain threshold
Afraid of activities requiring balance such as climbing or playground equipment such as swings.
Hyposensitivity to sensory stimuli may lead to behaviours that display craving of sensory input, such as:
Putting things into mouth
Presented as “hyperactive”
Crashing or bumping into objects or people
High pain threshold
Constantly touching things
Constantly craves for jumping and spinning activities
When children struggle with sensory processing, they may also have constant meltdowns due to anxiety or frustration. An Occupational Therapist can help children learn or practice daily activities that children struggle due to sensory issues, through gradual exposure to sensory stimuli and developing strategies at home.